Encyclopedia of global warming and climate change pdf
History of climate change science - WikipediaThe history of the scientific discovery of climate change began in the early 19th century when ice ages and other natural changes in paleoclimate were first suspected and the natural greenhouse effect first identified. In the late 19th century, scientists first argued that human emissions of greenhouse gases could change the climate. Many other theories of climate change were advanced, involving forces from volcanism to solar variation. In the s, the warming effect of carbon dioxide gas became increasingly convincing. Some scientists also pointed out that human activities that generated atmospheric aerosols e. During the s, scientific opinion increasingly favored the warming viewpoint.
The Biggest Lie About Climate Change
This three-volume set presents entries and primary sources that will impress on readers that what we do—or don't do—today regarding climate change will dramatically influence what life on this planet will be like for untold numbers of generations. How are the behaviors of birds, butterflies, and other migratory animals connected to climate change? What does the term "thermal inertia" mean, and what does this geophysical effect have on predicting what the planet's future will be like?
Forgot your login information? Edited by: S. George Philander. The First Edition of the Encyclopedia of Global Warming and Climate Change provided a multi-authored, academic yet non-technical resource for students and teachers to understand the importance of global warming, to appreciate the effects of human activity and greenhouse gases around the world, and to learn the history of climate change and the research enterprise examining it. This edition was well received, with notable reviews. Since its publication, the debate over the advent of global warming at least partially brought on by human enterprise has continued to ebb and flow, depending literally on the weather, politics, and media coverage of climate summits and debates.
Global warming is the long-term rise in the average temperature of the Earth 's climate system. It is a major aspect of current climate change , and has been demonstrated by direct temperature measurements and by measurements of various effects of the warming. Climate model projections summarized in the report indicated that during the 21st century the global surface temperature is likely to rise a further 0. The effects of global warming include rising sea levels , regional changes in precipitation, more frequent extreme weather events such as heat waves , and expansion of deserts. Overall, higher temperatures bring more rain and snowfall, but for some regions droughts and wildfires increase instead. Possible societal responses to global warming include mitigation by emissions reduction, adaptation to its effects, and maybe climate engineering.
This PDF has been generated from SAGE knowledge. Please note that the pagination Encyclopedia of Global Warming & Climate Change: Madagascar.
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An Encyclopedia of Science, Society, and Solutions
Understanding the causes of and responses to global warming requires interdisciplinary cooperation between social and natural scientists. The theory behind global warming has been understood by climatologists since at least the s, but only in the new millennium, with an apparent tipping point in , has the mounting empirical evidence convinced most doubters, politicians, and the general public as well as growing sections of business that global warming caused by human action is occurring. Emissions of CO 2 have been rising at a speed unprecedented in human history, due to accelerating fossil fuel burning that began in the Industrial Revolution. Debate continues about which manifestations are due to long-term climate change and which to normal climate variability. Global warming involves an unprecedented speeding up of the rate of change in natural processes, which now converges with the previously much faster rate of change in human societies, leading to a crisis of adaptation. Most authoritative scientific bodies predict that on present trends a point of no return could come within ten years, and that the world needs to cut emissions by 50 percent by mid twenty-first century. It was natural scientists who first discovered and raised global warming as a political problem.
Save to My Library. Fracking is a controversial form of drilling that uses high-pressure liquid to create cracks in underground shale to extract natural gas and petroleum. Carbon emissions from fossils fuels like these have been linked to global warming and climate change. Climate is sometimes mistaken for weather. But climate is different from weather because it is measured over a long period of time, whereas weather can change from day to day, or from year to year. The climate of an area includes seasonal temperature and rainfall averages, and wind patterns. Different places have different climates.