Anthropology and public health pdf
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Anthropology's Contribution to Public Health Policy Development
Jennifer J. The four subjects reviewed here have been chosen for their importance to our understanding of human behaviors related to health and illness, as well as for the impact that they can have on theory, research, and practice in the field of public health. These critical theories can provide new ways of thinking about professional roles, medical decisions, disease diagnosis and etiology, treatment adherence, prevention messaging, and all sorts of health-related behaviors and systems of understanding. They can also help public health researchers shed light on the human beliefs and activities that shape patterns of disease within and across populations. Whether a research question is being formulated or research findings are being analyzed, the critical social theories outlined here can foster a more holistic understanding of the human element in any public health project. Amaro, H.
Many people in the fields of medicine and public health do not understand the potential role that anthropology could play in the development of public health policy. The intention of this article is to provide readers with an understanding of the unique perspective that medical anthropology could contribute to informing public health policy decisions. Socio-cultural anthropology has undergone significant theoretical and pragmatic changes over the past half-century. As a discipline, anthropology has been criticized for its role in imperial conquest. During colonial times, anthropologists often accompanied colonial explorers and military in order to facilitate their work, this is often referred to as 'the handmaiden era' in the history of anthropology's history. It is said that in this role, anthropologists gained the trust of natives using their linguistic proficiency and cultural awareness in order to assist the colonial state in the implementation of policies that ultimately led to further oppression and disempowerment Pels and Salemind.
Anthropologists provide crucial understandings of public health problems from the pe Anthropologists provide crucial understandings of public health problems from the perspectives of the populations in which the problems occur. On the basis of such understandings, anthropologists may develop and implement interventions to address particular public health problems, often working in collaboration with local participants. Anthropologists also work as evaluators, examining the activities of public health institutions and the successes and failures of public health programs. Anthropological critiques may focus on major international public health agencies and their workings, as well as public health responses to the threats of infectious disease and other disasters. Through twenty-four case studies from around the world, the book provides an argument for the imperative of anthropological perspectives, methods, information, and collaboration in the understanding and practice of public health.
RECENT EVOLUTION IN MEDICAL ANTROPOLOGY
Michele Rivkin-Fish is a cultural medical anthropologist, and Mark Sorensen is a biocultural anthropologist. Both have done extensive fieldwork in Russia examining the effects of the dramatic political-economic and social transformations of the s on health. Sorensen and Rivkin-Fish created this course to highlight the particular ways anthropology, with its own interdisciplinary approaches, examines the intersections between cultural and political-economic changes and health. This course examines comparisons and contrasts between the disciplinary approaches of public health and anthropology. We begin by examining the theories and methods of the social determinants of health paradigm, an approach that investigates the relationships between inequality, poverty, and health. We will explore epidemiological, biocultural, and symbolic approaches to these phenomena, and inquire into possibilities for interdisciplinary analysis.