Understanding kashmir and kashmiris pdf
Kashmir conflict is not just a border dispute between India and PakistanThe Kashmir dispute dates from The partition of the Indian sub-continent along religious lines led to the formation of India and Pakistan. However, there remained the problem of over states, run by princes, existing within the two newly independent countries. In theory, these princely states had the option of deciding which country to join, or of remaining independent. In practice, the restive population of each province proved decisive. The people had been fighting for freedom from British rule, and with their struggle about to bear fruit they were not willing to let the princes fill the vacuum. Although many princes wanted to be "independent" which would have meant hereditary monarchies and no hope for democracy they had to succumb to their people's protests which turned violent in many provinces.
Article 370 and 35A revoked - Jammu & Kashmir News Explained #Article370 #35a
What Is Article 370, and Why Does It Matter in Kashmir?
Those against this provision, Article , have argued that all three parts of the state—the Muslim-dominated Kashmir valley, the Hindu-majority Jammu, and Ladakh, which has considerable Buddhist presence—should not have laws independent of the Indian constitution. The Quit Kashmir movement against the maharaja is launched. August India gains independence from the British empire, Pakistan is created as a Muslim-majority country. Indian home minister Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel works to convince the undecided princely states to join India; Maharaja Hari Singh signs a standstill agreement with Pakistan , effectively opting for status quo. He reaches out to prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru and Patel who agree to send troops on the condition that the maharaja signs an instrument of accession IoA in favour of India pdf , handing over control of defence, foreign affairs, and communication. Hari Singh signs the IoA, Indian troops move in.
Kashmir, a mountainous valley that borders Pakistan and India, has been a center of conflict between the two nuclear-armed countries since the partition of British India. At the time of the partition, the British agreed to divide their former colony into two countries: Pakistan, with a Muslim majority, and India, with a Hindu majority. Both nations covet Kashmir, which is Muslim majority, and occupy portions of it with military forces.
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