Art and architecture of indus valley civilization pdf
Art and Architecture of Indus Valley Civilization – Ancient CivilizationsMohenjo-daro and Harappa were the largest cities of the Indus Valley Civilization among all over towns and villages which have been discovered so far. It remains unknown whether Mohenjo-daro and Harappa were two large cities of a single empire or capitals of two states, while some scholars suggest that Harappa succeeded Mohenjo-daro which has been devastated by floods several times. The plans of both cities reveal highly advanced ancient civilization, while the sewerage and drainage systems throughout the Indus Valley Civilization were the most advanced sanitation systems in the world at that time. The city of Mohenjo-daro was divided into two parts - the Citadel and the Lower City. Fortified citadel located on an artificial hill on the western flank encompasses large residential structure, massive granary and two large assembly halls which implies on existence of central government or administration. A lot of attention attracted the elaborate pool measuring 12 meters x 7 meters 39 feet x 23 feet with a depth of 2,5 meters 8 feet which probably served as a public bath or some sort of tank but it might have been used for religious and spiritual ceremonies and rituals.
Arts of Indus Valley Civilization (Indian Culture Series – NCERT)
Indus Valley. Rajput Civil Architecture. Rajasthan Paintings. India's Cultural history dates back to about BC to the times of the lndus Valley Civilisation or what is also called the Harappan Culture. It flourished for about a thousand years.
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ivor novello the land of might have been
Due to the uniformity of the size and style of the wall and the arrangement of streets and neighborhoods in grid patterns there are signs of physical measures, as in many other cities. There are two main arguments for the type of language; that it belongs to the Indo-European or even the Indo-Arian family or to belong to the Dravidian family. Excavations at several other places in Chandra Daro, Amri, Lohunjo-Daro, Noa and Rupar proved that an amazing civilization in the region linked around the Indus River and its sidewalks years ago, thus identifying Indus culture. Arrganic Talte, Harappan community merged into the surrounding agricultural groups after the city phase, but still retained some of their traditions. It respects the heavenly instructions and emulates the heavenly model, which was a guarantee for a successful and long-term reign Djukic and Stupar, The slum grew around. At Harappa, it was discovered that the general form of the urban planning system of Industrial Civilization in Mohenjo-Daro was discovered.