Planning and design of ports and marine terminals pdf
heavenlybells.org | Containerization | PortPorts are harbor areas in which marine terminal facilities are transferring cargo and passengers between ships and land transportation. Ports are points of convergence between two geographical domains of freight circulation sometimes passengers ; the land and maritime domains. The term port comes from the Latin portus , which means gate or gateway. Historically, ports emerged as safe harbors for fishing and those with convenient locations became trade hubs, many of which of free access and designed to protect trade. As such, they became nexus of urbanization with several becoming the first port cities playing an important role in the economic welfare of their regions. Today, many of the most important cities in the world owe their origin to their port location.
Planning and Design of Ports and Marine Terminals
A port is a maritime facility which may comprise one or more wharves where ships may dock to load and discharge passengers and cargo. Although usually situated on a sea coast or estuary, some ports, such as Hamburg , Manchester and Duluth , are many miles inland, with access to the sea via river or canal. Today, by far the greatest growth in port development is in Asia, the continent with some of the world's largest and busiest ports , such as Singapore and the Chinese ports of Shanghai and Ningbo-Zhoushan. Whenever ancient civilisations engaged in maritime trade, they tended to develop sea ports. One of the world's oldest known artificial harbors is at Wadi al-Jarf on the Red Sea. Other ancient ports include Guangzhou during Qin Dynasty China and Canopus , the principal Egyptian port for Greek trade before the foundation of Alexandria. In Japan, during the Edo period , the island of Dejima was the only port open for trade with Europe and received only a single Dutch ship per year, whereas Osaka was the largest domestic port and the main trade hub for rice.
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