Knowledge and christian belief pdf
Waking Up A Guide to Spirituality Without Religion By Sam Harris Audiobook
Traditionally, faith and reason have each been considered to be sources of justification for religious belief. Because both can purportedly serve this same epistemic function, it has been a matter of much interest to philosophers and theologians how the two are related and thus how the rational agent should treat claims derived from either source. Some have held that there can be no conflict between the two—that reason properly employed and faith properly understood will never produce contradictory or competing claims—whereas others have maintained that faith and reason can or even must be in genuine contention over certain propositions or methodologies. Those who have taken the latter view disagree as to whether faith or reason ought to prevail when the two are in conflict. Other thinkers have theorized that faith and reason each govern their own separate domains, such that cases of apparent conflict are resolved on the side of faith when the claim in question is, say, a religious or theological claim, but resolved on the side of reason when the disputed claim is, for example, empirical or logical.
Christianity is the most widely practiced religion in the world, with more than 2 billion followers. The Christian faith centers on beliefs regarding the birth, life, death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. While it started with a small group of adherents, many historians regard the spread and adoption of Christianity throughout the world as one of the most successful spiritual missions in human history. Most historians believe that Jesus was a real person who was born between 2 B. According to the text, Jesus was born to a young Jewish virgin named Mary in the town of Bethlehem, south of Jerusalem in modern-day Palestine. Christians believe the conception was a supernatural event, with God impregnating Mary via the Holy Spirit.
Knowledge and Christian Belief, Alvin Plantinga, Eerdmans, (ISBN ‐0‐ ‐‐3), pp., pb $ Alessandro Giostra.
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An encyclopedia of philosophy articles written by professional philosophers.
The idea that religious belief is some sort of illness or irrational stance, is not uncommon in Western Europe. The philosopher of religion, Alvin Plantinga, in his book Warranted Christian Belief advances a detailed account of the rationality of religious, and especially Christian, theistic belief. In the book he explains:. He explores the question, is Christian belief intellectually acceptable? He is not addressing the question of whether it is true or false, but whether it is reasonable, or rational to hold. First, he asks whether in principle it is possible to have knowledge of God.
Historians of science and of religion, philosophers, theologians, scientists, and others from various geographical regions and cultures have addressed various aspects of the relationship between religion and science. Even though the ancient and medieval worlds did not have conceptions resembling the modern understandings of "science" or of "religion",  certain elements of modern ideas on the subject recur throughout history. The pair-structured phrases "religion and science" and "science and religion" first emerged in the literature in the 19th century. Both science and religion are complex social and cultural endeavors that vary across cultures and have changed over time. Ancient pagan, Islamic, and Christian scholars pioneered individual elements of the scientific method. Roger Bacon , often credited with formalizing the scientific method, was a Franciscan friar. Confucian thought , whether religious or non-religious in nature, has held different views of science over time.