Camera trapping wildlife management and research pdf

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Camera trap - Wikipedia

A camera trap is a remotely activated camera that is equipped with a motion sensor or an infrared sensor , or uses a light beam as a trigger. Camera trapping is a method for capturing wild animals on film when researchers are not present, and has been used in ecological research for decades. In addition to applications in hunting and wildlife viewing, research applications include studies of nest ecology , detection of rare species, estimation of population size and species richness, as well as research on habitat use and occupation of human-built structures. Camera traps, also known as trail cameras , are used to capture images of wildlife with as little human interference as possible. The great advantage of camera traps is that they can record very accurate data without disturbing the photographed animal. These data are superior to human observations, because they can be reviewed by other researchers. They operate continually and silently, provide proof of species presence in an area, can reveal what prints and scats belong to which species, provide evidence for management and policy decisions, and are a cost effective monitoring tool.
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Camera trap Gear Guide for Wildlife Photography - DSLR Camera Trap 102

Camera traps are increasingly used in ecological research. However, tests of their performance are scarce.

An Introduction to Camera Trapping for Wildlife Surveys in Australia

Internationally, camera trapping is rapidly being adopted for diverse monitoring purposes, from wildlife research and management to asset protection. There are, however, myriad cameras of multiple brands with various models, which have different functionality and are fit for different purposes. It is difficult for any user to fully comprehend which camera trap to select and how to use it best. Through widespread informal consultation with private citizens, public land managers and research groups, the Invasive Animals Cooperative Research Centre IA CRC and the NSW Department of Primary Industries Vertebrate Pest Research Unit identified a need for a document that brought together a range of information on wildlife camera trapping to encourage some consistency in the collective approach to camera trapping in Australia. We proposed some standards and included information on the history of camera trap use to provide context.

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Our experiences demonstrate that prospective users need to have a sufficient understanding of the limitations camera trap technology poses, dimensions we communicate here. Camera trapping, the use of remotely triggered cameras that automatically take images of animals passing in front of the camera, is hugely popular with wildlife enthusiasts and recreational hunters who want to detect the presence of animals of interest. As with many other digital technologies, camera traps also known as trail cameras are now relatively low cost and easy-to-use. Effective wildlife management and conservation require reliable monitoring data. Conventional wildlife monitoring generally relies on resource intensive fieldwork.

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