Pop up and movable books
The History of Pop-Up and Movable Books - A lecture by Margaret Class - Leatherby LibrariesBooks contain tremendous power. They captivate our minds, change the way we look at the world, and transport us to faraway lands. It seems hardly possible to make books any richer than they already are. However, through the beauty of illustrations and the mechanics of pop-up books , readers of all ages can find an even greater appreciation for literature. The first "pop-up" was more of a machine than book. Called a "Lullian Circle," the device was composed of several revolving, affixed circles each annotating an ideal. The separate paper discs featured their own specific category such as: knowledge, verbs, and adjectives.
The Meggendorfer Prize for Outstanding Pop Up or Movable Book 1998 to 2018
A movable book is a literacy toy where reading words and looking at pictures becomes a game. Also called mechanical books, or toy books, most movable books look like regular books or codexes but some of the words and images are presented by mechanical devices such as a flap, tab, slot, wheel and so on. The reader becomes a player who in order to engage with the story must manipulate the mechanisms to create movement. These may be simple such as the flaps that animate a flap book when they are lifted up to reveal pictures that transform one into another or complex such as the architectural structures hidden in pop-up books that seem to jump out when the pages are turned. In all cases, playfulness, movability and the ability to make changes or transformations are of the essence. The approach to reading a movable book sets it apart from conventional books or picture books.
Pop-up books enthral readers for many reasons: their ingenuity, their beauty, and because they challenge the two dimensional nature of printed books. For more than years artists, philosophers, scientists and designers have employed a range of paper engineering mechanisms to include moving parts in books. This early history of pop-up books illustrates developments in paper engineering. Until the second half of the eighteenth century books that included moving parts were primarily scholarly publications. Volvelles were used in astronomy in the 15th century to represent the movement of the planets. Shown below is a wheel chart held by the National Library of Scotland, developed in by Petrus Apianus